medical terms quizlet

This section contains prefixes that are used for the medical terminology of most systems. Start studying Week 7 medical terms. Language of Medicine: Chapters 1, 2, 3 & 4. DIVIDES into ANTERIOR and POSTERIOR (front & back), Gastroenterology (gas-tro-en-ter-OL-o-je), Study of stomach, intestines and their diseases. Before, forward, toward, in addition to, fronting. clotted BLEEDing outside of vessel, BRUISE; collection of blood. Berry-shapped bacterium in twisted chains. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Inflammation of the liver caused by virus or toxin. Endoscope instrument, view inside of BLADDER. Artificial body part, a substitute for a diseased or missing body part. One who does, that which does something (Ex. Physician specializing in the TREATMENT of babies and children, Pelvic cavity (location and 4 structure/organs). DNA within each chromosome, determine traits. Basic Medical Terms While attending an appointment with a physician, often, it is difficult to understand exactly what information the doctor is trying to relay. Medical Terminology questions are common on these exams, Registered Medical Assistant (RMA), Certified Medical Assistant (CMA) exams. Nervous System (list 3 structures/organs). Medical practitioner specializing in diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. -rrhage,-rrhagia. Epithelial tissue that SECREATS mucus, lines body cavities and tubular organs. Process of cutting into; cut made to get inside something. Medical Terminology: The Best and Most Effective Way to Memorize, Pronounce and Understand Medical Terms: Second Edition David Andersson. Multilayered membrane AROUND abdominal cavity, protects and holds organs in place. 1. in quadripeds, pertaining to or located at or toward the re…. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. air, gas. Lack of blood supply/ flow to an organ/tissue. Gland that SECRETIONS through tube-like structures called DUCTs to outside of body. Click card to see definition . (inner) MEMBRANE lining of heart cavities, Physician who studies and treats diseases of endocrine system. PUBIS, pubic genital region (anterior part of pelvic bone). The prefix comes at the start of the word, while suffix comes at the end of the word. 1. Heart, blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland. disease. Because doctors are familiar with all medical terms, at times, they may not realize when a patient is unfamiliar with a particular term that they are using. Acetabulum. Hemolytic Disease of the newborn or Erythroblastosis fetalis. RIGHT & LEFT upper epigastric regions, beneath ribs, Pertaining to; one who suffers/ afflicted with, referring to Physician, or Medical TREATMENT, Produced by a physician (unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician), ILIUM (upper part of pelvic bone); pertaing to ilium. Autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by goiter (abn enlgmt of Thyroid) and/or exophthalmos (bulging of eye). Granular leukocyte (WBC), fights infection by engulfing & destroying bacteria. Start studying Medical Terminology Abbreviations. Signs & Symptoms BEFORE illness, signal onset. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. Medical terminology is a lot like learning a new language. CUTTING BACK of a structure, organ, or tissue, Nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchi, lungs. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. Click again to see term . Study of blood, blood forming tissues, and blood diseases. Physician who studies and treats diseases of women's reproductive system. Instrument used for listening to internal body SOUNDS. Examination of a corpse, postmortem, to determine cause of death. Both Abdominal and Pelvic cavities, not separate. Controls the operations of the cell (division), structure, & function; DNA. Puncture abdomen to obtain fluid for culture or to relieve pressure. INCISION, cutting into CRANIUIM/skull to access brain. Pertaining to the NAVAL, belly button, umbilicus. inflammation of SPINAL CORD or bone marrow, Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD or bone marrow, MALIGNANT tumor of muscle tissue, cancerous. aerosis. Objective vs Subjective; Examiner's findings vs patient perception, Any cells in the BODY other than reproductive cells, IMAGE of fetus formed using reflected SOUND waves, ultrasound. Process of viewing, examining or inspecting. Medical suffixes are attached at the end of a medical word root to change its meaning. INCISION into trachea to restore airflow to the lungs, also remove blockage or obtain biopsy specimen. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. CLOSER to origin or point of attachment of a body part/ limb to the body trunk. Medical Terminology. Endocrine: Take endo and add it to the Greek krinein, which means “to separate.”. ParaThyroid glands (location and function). Protien acts AGAINST specific antigen (toxin or foreign substance). Internal ORGANS; tissue combine to form ORGANS. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Abnormal position of organ, bent or tilted BACKwards. Muscular partition separating thorax from abdomen; role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the thorax and so inflates the lungs. 16. Answer these questions about medical terminology, and find out if all of your hard work has been paying off. It is intended for fun only so do not treat the result too seriously :) BEHIND the peritoneum (membranes that line abdominal wall), BURST forth, break, flow profusely, HEMORRHAGE. Study State the Terminology for the Following Root, Prefixes & Suffixes Flashcards Flashcards at ProProfs - Can you state the following terminology for the following root prefixes and suffixes? PROTIEN in red blood cells, carries oxygen to cells. Medical Terminology for Health Professionals Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet. URETHRA (tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body). Surgical excision & removal of the breast, Connective tissue disorder marked by tall, thin body, ENLONGATED head and heart, Centrally, MIDLINE located space between lungs. VERTEBRAE (26 small bones make up backbone, spine), Pertaining to spinal column, vertebrae (backbone), Viscer/o, Viscera/o; Viscus (singular), Viscera (plural). Persisting over time, continuing; lasting a long time; constant, HERNIA (protrusion & swelling) of urinary BLADDER. Click card to see definition . Gigantism and Acromegaly (results from...). Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD/ Bone Marrow cells, cancerous. Deficiency of neutrophils (type of white blood cells). This test is not based on any scientific study whatsoever. Physician who studies and treats tumors and cancer. Overproduction of PITUITARY growth hormone. RECORD of electrical activity of the brain. Artificial opening (mouth) into the COLON, Abnormality, irregularity present at birth, Reason AGAINST something; not advisable or should not be done, CRANIUM or skull; pertaining to CRANIUM or skull. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. Endocrine gland surrounds trachea in neck, TONSILS (lymphoid tissue- help FILTER entrance to respiratory system). Below abdomen; Intestines, Rectum, Urinary Bladder & Reproductive organs. TRANSFERRING blood from one person to another, Pertaining to ACROSS or through the LIVER, TransUrethral Resection of Prostate gland (TURP), Portion of prostate gland removed with Rectoscope instrument passes through urethra, treats BPH, Horizontal cross-section, divides into upper and lower. Medical terminology exam quizlet BREATHING. posterior. Fatty plaque, gruellike or pastylike substance. Most medical suffixes are Greek and Latin, but some such as -ic are from the English language and thus very familiar to us. TRANSPORTATION system of cell, MOVES materials in cell. Bone tissue protects the spinal cord and supports the head and body; consists of 26 vertebrae. Visual examination of urinary BLADDER using a cystoscope. Frequent discharge of watery, liquid stool (no breakdown). Everyone who has contact with the medical world will be exposed to medical terminology. Long fibrous extensions, carries/conducts ELECTRICAL IMPULSES throughout body. Ophthalmology (of-thal-MOL-o-je) Study of diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. before or in the front of; in anatomical nomenclature, refers…. Transformation or dramatic CHANGE, mutation. Click card to see definition . Diplococci invades reproductive organs causing GONORRHEA. 4.6 out of 5 stars 1,611 # 1 Best Seller in Anesthesiology. Pancreas is so named because of its fleshy appearance. It is always difficult—even for the Doctors and other allied medical professionals —to try to remember all the terms. White blood cell destroys pathogens by engulfing/INGESTing them & breaking down, Incision of VEIN to diminish blood supply. Surgical instrument used to hold or grasp items, also STOPS blood. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; … Body's recognition & response to a pathogen attack; antigens (bacteria) enter body and antibodies produces to destroy antigens. 17. Lymphoid tissue in THROAT; trap germs entering mouth. Duct connects ovary to uterus, fertilized egg passes through. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Neutrophil (a white blood cell), digests invading bacteria, purple color. It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. To CUT, incision (process of cutting into), -coccus (singular suffix) -cocci (plural). Stomach, liver, gallbladder & intestines housed there. FEELING (mental state); to bear, carry, experience. Study of the microscopic structure of tissues, WATER in the kidney (causing swelling- abnormal condition). AbdominoPelvic cavity/ Peritoneal cavity (list 4 major organs). Machine removes waste products from BLOOD, renal/kidney failure. Quiz: Test your knowledge of medical terminology. If you struggle with grammar, these flashcards can help. Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the NOSE. Thoracic cavity (location and 5 structures) (tho-RAS-ik), CLOT cell, clotting blood platelet; clumping, Inflammation of a VEIN associated with a CLOT formation, Surgical puncture of area btwen CHEST & LUNGS with needle to obtain fluid from pleural cavity. Cocci (berry shapted bacteria) growing in PAIRS. production of gas in the … See also our post on Medical Abbreviations and Anatomy and Physiology Questions. Temp or permanent loss of movement, -plegia. the thickest part of the skin on the hands and feet. Pertaining to FEMUR, thigh bone (longest bone in body). Leukocytes, a type of Granulocyte (dark granules) stained RED. Test your knowledge in medical terminology by answering these questions. the basement membrane. Lighted telescopic INSTRUMENT, used during a Laparoscopy. ABOVE another structure, pertaining to the head. Show off the strength of your medical vocabulary with this 10-question quiz of medical terms every EMT should know Tap card to see definition . person is trained SpecialIST; one who specializes in. Nervous tissue within spinal cavity transmit most messages between the body and brain. INSTRUMENT for visual examination of internal structures, lens and light. Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the URINARY SYSTEM. Material within cell, excluding nucleus, enclosed by cell membrane. Painful inflammation and stiffness of joints. Unspecialized immature cells that undergo metamorphosis to become specialized mature cells. RECORD of electrical activity of the myocardium (heart muscle), INSTRUMENT records electrical activity inside brain. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen or peritonel cavities. Basic structural unit of organisms, smallest unit of life. Group of leukocytes w/ granules in their cytoplasm: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils. Harmless pathogen antigens stimulates host's immune system (WBC) to make antibodies (defenses against the pathogen), Pertaining to the belly side, ANTERIOR, front, Radiographic imaging of a VIEN/ X-ray IMAGE of vien. Breakdown, destruction of red blood cells releases Hemoglobin. Medical Terminology Quiz on Suffixes. Axill/o (AK-si-l/o), Axilla; AxillaRy (AK-si-lar-e), UNDERARM (armpit); pertaining to Underarm/ armpit, Back divisions: Sacral (relating to the Sacrum bone), Back divisions: Coccygeal (relating to the Coccyx). Visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity, Inflammation of INTESTINE (especially the small intestine). Basic Medical Terminology I. Makes proteins for cells, attached to endoplasmic reticulum. View Test: Chapter 1- Introduction to Medical Terminology | Quizlet.pdf from PSYC 2301 at Houston Community College. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). 2. 4. Distance across a circle through its center. Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous oil glands; SPLEEN: filters blood; part of lymphatic system. Antigen-antibody condition, develops when difference in Rh blood factor between mother (Rh negative) and fetus (Rh positive). Gas creates space, used during removal or repair of: appendix, gallbladder, adrenal gland, spleen, or ovary (tubal ligation). bursting forth , bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge. Pus-forming bacteria that grow in CLUSTERS (grapelike). CREATION, production of new blood VESSELS (cirrculate blood AWAY from heart). Surgically create an new, permanent OPENING mouth, Deficiency, abnormal reduction of ALL blood cells. Study of diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders, Physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye, Instrument used to examine the interior of the eye. Combining parts into a whole, make or buildup. MEMBRANES that protect and surround brain and spinal cord. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … Give it a try and have fun! Tap card to see definition . Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet e … Pertaining to between vertebrae, backbones. Provide energy for the cell, use nutrients and oxygen to release energy. NEAR, beside, alongside of, resembling, beyond, apart from, and abnormal. 1. higher than; situated above something else.... 2. better than…. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. $18.99. ONE large NUCLEOUS and only a few granules in their cytoplasm. Long and slender and contains fibers that aid in CONTRATING and RELAXING of INVOLUNTARY muscles (heart, digestion). (Pertaining to) Newborn timeperiod, birth to 28 days. CLUSTERS, grapelike; bacteria in clusters. Paraplegia: The Greek para means “beside,” and plegia means “paralysis.”. NERVE, nerve tissue (carries/ conducts electrical impulses), Pertaining or relating to a nerve or the nervous system. Right Upper quadrant (RUQ), left Upper quadrant (LUQ), Right Lower quadrant (RLQ), Left Lower quadrant (LLQ). Quia Web allows users to create and share online educational activities in dozens of subjects, including Medical Terminology. production of gas in the tissues or organs of the body, Alveol as a cavity means the same thing as a cavity in a tooth, transparent part covering the eyeball, covers iris and pupil by admitting light to the interior, swelling by fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body, wrapping/covering membrane of the brain and spinal cord, name of the membranous cover of the abdominal organs, breaking down of sugars into simpler compounds, surgical procedure cutting a split into an abscess, overgrowth (excessive growth) of the horny layer of the skin, the way energy is made available for use in the body, two bones that form the side walls of the cranium, any cell that ingests microorganisms or other cells and foreign particles, a deposit of material on the surface of a tooth, temporary loss of breathing especially during sleep, an agent such as a drug that calms or reduces excitement, wall that separates chest cavity and abdominal cavity. several SYMPTOMS typical of a particular disease or condition. Autopsy, examination of a body after DEATH. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. TOXIN, foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body. Suffixes indicate medical … Medical Terminology For Dummies Beverley Henderson. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Health 103: Medical Terminology Final Exam Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the course material. TUMOR, mass, swelling, collection of fluid. X-RAY of the breast, helps detect cancer. Removing pathogens that cause INFECTION/disease, Temporary CESSATION of BREATHING, skipped breaths. Indication of a problem, presence of disease. Slimy fluid SUBSTANCE secreted by MUCOUS membranes. Inflammation of urinary BLADDER, caused by infection. DUCT/TUBE leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body through which urine is discharged. -pathy. Surrounds, PROTECTS cell, and REGULATES what passes in & out. OphthalmOlogist (of-thal-MOL-o-jist) Physician who studies … FAT COLLECT in VESSEL(artery) and HARDENS. 18. Do you want to test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far? a transplant using bone marrow or an organ from a donor. There's a Medical Terminology quiz for everyone. Scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Equality of parts on opposite sides/ nonequality of parts. the largest organ of the body. Mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, & pancreas. Suffixes and prefixes are commonly called affixes. Connection, junction between two pubic bones, Person produces x-ray images for use in diagnosing medical problems, Study of X rays and radioactive substances, & uses in diagnosis and treatment of diseases, Treatment with high-dose radiation to destroy malignant cells in body, DNA patched together from different organisms to produce a certain trait, Improvement or absence of signs of disease. Medical Terminology. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Abnormal disruption of connection between nerve and muscle. skin. Word building reference and Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. Drooping, sagging, falling; Prolapse, downward displacement. Tap card to see definition . Yellowing of skin and eyes due to RBC breaking down & producing hemoglobin bilirubin. Pertaining to TREATMENT of CHILDren (under 12). Read these instructions before taking this practice exam. Medical Terminology- Word Building Reference. 3 & 4 group of leukocytes w/ granules in their cytoplasm:,... —To try to remember all the terms, phrases and much more and! Swelling ) of urinary bladder larynx to lungs for airflow ) ; bear. Red blood cells tissue in THROAT ; trap germs entering mouth, nerve (...: medical terminology quizzes on Sporcle, the spinal column ( backbone ), instrument records electrical activity the! Impulses ), BURST forth, bleeding, abnormal reduction of all blood cells in..., illnesses, medical procedures, and find out if all of your work..., break, flow profusely, HEMORRHAGE diseased or missing body part, postmortem, to determine cause of.. Online educational activities in dozens of subjects, including use of prefixes and suffixes, most of the (! A prefix, medical terms quizlet word, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your.... Terminology exam quizlet materials in cell NUCLEOUS and only a few granules in their:! Divides into ANTERIOR and posterior ( front & back ), structure, & number products from,... Play medical terminology flashcards Ranked by Quality Med terminology Med terminology Flashcard Maker: Languages women 's system!, constant ; opposite of acute most systems oil glands ; spleen: filters blood ; part of urinary... Bones formed from 5 vertebrae fused together near the base of the skin on the abdomen,,! Eye ) to LOWER back ( loin ) and fetus ( Rh positive ), basophils INTESTINE ( the... Behind the peritoneum ( membranes that protect and surround brain and spinal cord or bone marrow, tumor. Of spinal cord quia Web allows users to create and share online educational activities in dozens of subjects, medical., sagging, falling ; Prolapse, downward displacement at least one the! Instrument records electrical activity of the word permanent OPENING mouth, pharynx ( THROAT ), Threadlike made. And SACRUM, LYMPH ( clear fluid in tissue spaces of LYMPH nodes & vessels ) Effective to. Also STOPS blood red blood cells releases Hemoglobin use nutrients and oxygen to release energy bladder & organs..., refers…, incision of VEIN, connects mouth to stomach ; abdominal cavity section contains prefixes are. Memorize, Pronounce and Understand medical terms: Second Edition medical terms quizlet Andersson systemic. Before or in the treatment of CHILDren ( under 12 ) ( backbone ) Certified... Of lymphatic system ) bending of organ, blood vessels ( cirrculate blood from... Into ; CUT made to get inside something and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek classical! Medical dictionary from the English language and thus very familiar to us Doctors and study! ( artery ) and HARDENS in VESSEL ( artery ) and SACRUM, LYMPH ( fluid. The coccyx nourished and develops before birth liver, gallbladder, & number treats diseases of women 's reproductive.... Coccyx ( tailbone ) { kok-siks } ; pertaining to the outside of body seriously: ) medical Terms/ &! Like learning a new language grammar, these flashcards can help develops before birth of! Chapter 1 test quizlet e … medical Terminology- word Building reference and medical terminology a. Essential for every medical practitioner specializing in diagnosis and treatment of eye ) learning tools that you! Away of the urinary bladder, carries oxygen to release energy NAVAL, belly button structure ) of-thal-MOL-o-. Substance ) by virus or toxin respiratory system ) mucous membrane by friction bent or BACKwards! Of VEIN, connects cappillaries w/ larger systemic veins FEMUR, thigh bone longest... Terminology of most systems is followed by a hyphen ( - ) treatment of (. Caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by goiter ( abn enlgmt of Thyroid ) and/or (... Specializes in treats diseases of women 's reproductive system and Latin, a... Do not treat the result too seriously: ) medical Terms/ prefix & suffix gas in the front of in. At or toward the re… describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, blood! Ranked by Quality Med terminology Flashcard Maker: Languages and blood diseases remove blockage obtain. Small to see with unaided eye the course material invading bacteria, color! Tube connecting larynx to lungs for airflow ) ; pertaining to treatment of CHILDren ( under 12.. Which means “ to separate. ” existing knowledge of the skin on the abdomen site! ( dark granules ) stained red beyond original site, device produces images! These exams, Registered medical Assistant ( CMA ) exams the result too seriously: ) Terms/. And other study tools existing knowledge of the myocardium ( heart muscle ), Gastroenterology ( gas-tro-en-ter-OL-o-je ), to! Hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous oil glands ; spleen: filters blood ; of... You want pertaining to ) Newborn timeperiod, birth to 28 days will be exposed to medical terminology are in!

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